Strep throat is inflammation of the throat, tonsils, and lymph nodes caused by infection with group A streptococcus the bacteria. Sore throats are common or very common during flu season and is usually preceded by mild symptoms such as sneezing nose, runny nose or cough, see the details at the images on what does strep throat look like. The incubation period of strep throat is about 3-5 days and most symptoms on this things happen in this timeframe. General symptoms of strep throat are: difficulty in swallowing, throat inflammation and swelling, difficulty breathing, fatigue, mucus-producing cough, body weakness, headache, nausea, poor appetite, enlargement of lymph nodes and tonsils, excessive sweating and fever.
Strep throat is highly contagious diseases and bacteria that cause disease can be easily transmitted from one person to another through direct contact with an infected person, coughing or sneezing. In order to prevent and avoid strep infection, it will be important for you to always maintain personal hygiene and also to avoid direct contact with an infected disease. Those who are infected of strep throat also need to take steps to avoid spreading bacteria to others.
The untreated strep throat may lead to serious complications and diseases in general doctor may recommend antibiotics for most of those who have been infected with strep throat. By getting the proper medical treatment, this disease can be treated quickly, to minimize the risk of complications.
Though they could not completely replace medical treatments, there is a solution many home remedies which can quickly relieve the symptoms of strep throat risk and also to speed up the recovery process. Assisted with adequate rest and right, drink plenty of fluids as well as appropriate diet, eating foods that are nutritionally adequate, natural remedies can quickly deal with the unwanted risk of strep throat.
Probably not many of you who knew that chamomile tea is one of the natural remedies are good enough to overcome sore throat. Have analgesic properties that is effective enough to may provide quick relief for headaches and throat. Given every few hours, chamomile tea can also be effective to prevent dehydration and reduce fever. A natural remedy that is effective, also to reduce inflammation, protect the soft tissues of the throat to the respiratory system. Blessings antibiotic properties, others in These case, garlic is also one of the effective home remedies and appropriate to deal with strep throat.
You also need to understand that you are advised to avoid drinking very hot or very cold, because it tends to cause throat irritation and pain, which can slow the healing process. Also in this case, avoid spicy foods and irritating, since they are not well tolerated for strep throat. If you have poorly strep throat, you are usually advised to eat only soft foods like yogurt, soup, non-irritant or other fruits that will not interfere with the process of healing or even aggravate your strep.
OTHER LABORATORY TESTS:
- Rapid Antigen Detection Test (RADT): GAS can be identified within minutes from throat swab
- Optical Immunoassay (OIA)
- Chemiluminescent DNA profile
- Blood agar plate (BAP) culture
Antistreptococcal Antibody Titers (ASO)
Antistreptococcal Antibody Titers (ASO):
- reflect past and not present streptococcal immunologic reactions
- No value in the diagnosis of acute Streptococcal pharyngitis
- Useful for confirmation of previous Streptococcal infections in patients diagnosed to have RF or post Strep acute GN
What is an elevated ASO titer in a pediatric patient?
> 333 Todd units
When does one expect ASO titer to be elevated following a Strep throat infection?
- Starts to elevate 7 to 10 days after infection
- Peak ASO titer at 3 – 5 weeks
Returns to normal after 2 – 4 months
TREATMENT OF STREPTOCOCCAL
Main goal of treating GABHS
- prevent suppurative and non- suppurative complications
One of the aims of antibiotic treatment of streptococcal sore throat:
- PREVENT RHEUMATIC FEVER: one of the dreaded non-suppurative complications of Group A-beta hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) tonsillo-pharyngitis
BENZATHINE PENICILLIN: Preferred for patients who are:
- unlikely to complete a 10-day course of oral therapy
- with personal or family histories of RF or RHD
Environmental factors: crowded living conditions, low socio-economic status